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"On Collegiality in the Church." The definition of the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of May 19 / June 1, 1967
Author: m. Raphael incl. September 15, 2016 . Posted in ROCA Archive (Views: 154)
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After a further exchange of views, unanimously adopted the following definition:
The Council of Bishops had the proposition that in the environment of the congregation came over, seeking to limit the canonical authority of bishops belonging to them by divine law and the sacred canons. As a result, there is a risk of distortion of the dogma of the Holy Church, in which the preservation of intact purity is one of the most important tasks of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia.
The clearest expression of this public course are:
1. In California, the establishment of the "Society of the Laity" registered civil laws interfere in church affairs and
2. The emergence of Eastern America 'Meeting of church leaders. "
The latter, perhaps, in good faith, published in February 1967 an appeal, sent out Reverend bishops, parishes and certain individuals with accusations hierarchy, supposedly striving to establish bishops in the Church, "the Bishops dictatorship" and demanding the participation expands the laity in the management of the Church.
In view of this, the Council of Bishops explained that the Church of Christ, since the Apostolic Council in Jerusalem in 51 after Christ and according to the canons of the Ecumenical and Local Councils, the highest ecclesiastical authority belongs to the bishops as successors of the Apostles, which is given by the Lord's command of dispensation and the management of the Holy Church, as well as the grace of the Holy. Spirit in the sacrament of the priesthood, to fulfill this ministry. The representatives of the clergy and the laity can be priglashaemy to participate in the construction of the church as members of the Hierarchy, but not as carriers of ecclesiastical authority, but as participants in the construction of the church life in the cathedral cooperation with the Hierarchy.
This church life system clearly defined the sacred canons, which read as follows:
Apostolic Canon 39: "The elders and deacons without the will of the Bishop's nothing so do not commit because he entrusted lyudii the LORD, and he will render to answer about their souls."
It should be clarified that if the elders and deacons without the will of the bishop can do nothing to make the Church, how much more it should be said about the laity, of the power which the Church canons did not say anything, but clearly indicate the need for lay people to obey the bishops.
8 Typically the Fourth Ecumenical Council says: "Clerics at the hospice, monasteries and temples martyrdom abide by the tradition of the Holy Fathers, under the authority of each bishop's castle, and do not rend, presumptuously, under the control of its bishop. And who dare to break the ruling these things, no matter how in any way, and do not obey his bishop, If ye be clerics, so shall be punished according to the rules: If ye same monks or laymen, let them be excommunicated from the communion of the Church. "
Apostolic Canon 41: "We order the bishop to have authority over the ecclesiastical estate, If ye bo precious souls entrusted to him should be: how much more of the money should be enjoined on him to dispose of all in its power."
The same goes 24 rule the Council of Antioch: "Good thing there, but the church labors is preserved with all diligence and good conscience, and faith in vsevidtsa and Judge of God: and rasporyazhati onym with razsuzhdeniem and power befitting a bishop who entrusted all souls gathering in church".
Since the bishop is the successor of the apostles, and the spiritual father of his flock, the sacred canons support authority of the Bishop, as well as an elder.
Apostolic Canon 55 reads: "If any man of the clergy annoy the bishop, let him be deposed. Prince Bo its people but not recheshi evil. "(Acts 23.5).
Apostolic Canon 55 reads: "If any man of the clergy annoyance presbyter or deacon, let him be excommunicated tserkovnago".
The holy canons forbid drawing reprimands directed against hierarchical power, and, recognizing the sinfulness of such acts are strictly warned against them.
So, rule 18 of the Fourth Ecumenical Council says: "collusive or drawing swarms, like a crime completely forbidden and external laws: how much more shall vozbranyati in the Church of God so that this was not. If thou slaughter some of the clergy or monks will undertake to curse each other, or lie in wait stroyuschie bishops or their prichetnikam, just let them be cast out of his degree."
At the same time, the Church requires a proper respect for the dignity of priests, even in cases where priests are guilty in something.
In Nomocanon 121 is usually at the Great Book of Needs:
"Yako not worthy of simple (ie layman) ukoriti priest or Biti or ponoshati or klevetati or oblichati in the face, If ye slaughter, the truth, the essence (ie, even when a priest is not right). If thou also suffer these things tvoriti, be damned mundane, but otmeschetsya of the church, separated from the bo has the Holy Trinity, and will be sent to the place of Judas."
Thus, the power in the diocese belongs to the Bishop, and in the whole Church - the Council of Bishops, which is clearly saying Apostolic Canon 37 of the First Ecumenical Council 5, 6 of the Second Ecumenical Council, the Fourth Ecumenical Council 19 and 28, and 8 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council.
Sacred Canons do not know cathedrals with the laity. There is no canon that says about the participation of the laity in the cathedrals.
Church management is carried out jointly - First Hierarch and the Sobor of Bishops,
as indicated by the Apostolic Rule 34: "The bishops vsyakago people befits nobility pervago of them, and priznavati him as their head, and nothing exceeding their authority is not without its tvoriti razsuzhdeniya. Tvoriti same each only with regard to his diocese and to places adjacent to it. But first let does not create anything without razsuzhdeniya all. For tacos will be unanimity, and God is glorified in the Lord in the Holy Spirit, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. "
We know that in ancient times, in the history of the Church were Cathedrals involving clergy and laity, who were on the councils as representatives of their Bishops (for example, the papal legate), or as the theologians (eg Athanasius in the rank of deacon at the First Ecumenical Council ), or as representatives of the emperor, or confessors of the Christian faith (monks at the Seventh Ecumenical Council), but not as elected representatives of their parishes or dioceses, in order of democracy. Only at a later time favorites, as well as for other purposes, representatives of the clergy and the laity invited to the cathedral, but with an essential condition for the preservation of the last decisive word of the hierarchy, as it was at the Russian Moscow Cathedral in 1917-18. and foreign councils in Sremski Karlovci in 1921 and 1938.
Thus, the hierarchy belongs to the canon law of attraction clergy and laity to participate in the Councils and to the ordering of church life, but when it requires the use of the church.
This is the part of the laity in the administration of the diocese. Diocesan Assembly
and councils are subsidiary bodies under Bishop.
What is the true catholicity, the teachings of the Church of Christ?
Obviously not to the bishops were deprived of authority in the Church and that church authority, on the principle of democracy, it has been transferred together: bishops, clergy and laity.
An extensive Orthodox Catechism of the question: "Why is the Church called catholicity, or what is the same, Catholic or ecumenical?" Answers:
"Because it is not limited to any place, nor time, nor people, but encompasses all the true believers of all places, times and people."
It says nothing about the power of the laity in the Church.
Catholicity of the Church is that the Church is composed of all people, without distinction of class or social and ethnic accessories. Collegiality is also in the fact that the children of the Church should be in full harmony with one in their beliefs and in life, with his Church, confess all that the Church teaches from the beginning of its foundation. Catholicity of the Church lies in the way of life of the members, both in their relations with one another, linked by bonds of Christian love, and in compliance with all building church life.
If anyone of the laity will delight regain power in the Church and put themselves on an equal footing with the Bishops, to assimilate functions of episcopal authority, it will not be Catholic and not even democracy, and willfully, self-will, resistance to God's will and God's plan, and hence , violation of catholicity, what is the violation will inevitably lead to the destruction of the church. The command of Christ, given to the Apostles on the dispensation of the Church, remain in force until the end of time: "Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit: Learning them to observe all, Elika commanded you and am with you all the days, until the end of Amen "(Matt.28: 19-20), as well as" Slushayay you listen to Me: and otmetayaysya you mene swept aside: otmetayaysya same mene, swept aside poslavshago me "(Luk.10.16).
From the foregoing, it is clear that those who do not recognize the rules of the church should not be participants in the church administration.
As for such organizations as the "Society of the laity" in California, and the like in other places, they are in their aspirations and in the image of their actions, have taken the non-Orthodox way of Protestant character, which threatens to turn into a dangerous heresy for the Church. Therefore, the Bishops' Council requests the diocesan bishop to take appropriate measures for the protection of the Church of their harmful activity in violation of the peace and unity.
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia is based on a decree of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon of November 20, 1920, № 362-m, which indicates that if the diocese as a result of movement of the front, the changes of state borders, etc. It would be out of communication with the higher church administration, headed by His Holiness the Patriarch of why or cease operations, "the diocesan bishop immediately enters into relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses for the purpose of organizing a higher instance of ecclesiastical authority for several dioceses in the same conditions. In the case of failure to establish relations with the bishops of neighboring dioceses, and until the organization of higher instance of ecclesiastical authorities, the diocesan bishop takes the full power provided to him by church canons, taking all measures to the dispensation of the local life and, if it appears necessary, the organization of diocesan management, applied to create the conditions allowing all the cases, provided by the canons of the bishop's authority, with the assistance of existing diocesan administration (the diocesan assembly, council, etc. or re-organized.); in the case of impossibility to make the above-mentioned institutions and personally on his own responsibility."
Thus, the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia is organized on the basis of precise, as the sacred canons, as well, and the decree of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon, according to which the supreme power in it belongs to the council of bishops; in the Diocese - Diocesan Bishop, Managing dioceses with the assistance of the diocesan administration.
The Bishops' Council appreciates the works as our selfless clergy, in difficult conditions and at low material obezpechennosti carrying his pastoral work, as well, and church leaders, laypeople, in a good and harmonious cooperation with its archpastors and pastors of workers in the livability of Orthodox parishes.
It calls on the Council of Bishops of God's blessing on all his flock, through which the piety of God is doing in the present difficult times.
We are happy to testify that, with few exceptions, in our church life is carried out at the beginning of the conciliar Creed and rule 64 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council, according to whom "in the one Church of God made different members, according to the word of the Apostle (I Kor.12.27) which yazyasnyaya Gregory the Theologian, clearly shows who is in their rank, saying: brethren, rank (ie order) by mail, keep this: this shall be the ear and the tongue: this hand, and other than any other: this yes teaches, let him learn. And after a few words of further saith: the student shall be in obedience, the dealer, but gives with joy, but is serving with diligence. Do not we all language, If ye and all these things closer, nor all the apostles, nor any of the prophets, nor all the interpreters. And after nekiih words ashche saith: Post tvorishi currently pastor being ovtseyu, post in our heads, as his foot, post pokushaeshisya voenachalstvovati, being placed in a number of soldiers."
So let each of us performs the service and may work in the Church in that calling in which he called on the Lord, that is, making your own salvation and building the Church of the Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ.
Minutes №13, p. III (str.7-10)